Specific provisions of the modern conventions establish inherent legal authority of independent and supra-governmental Universal Jurisdiction for an intergovernmental organization (IGO) International Court, directly from codified conventional international law, which is binding upon all countries (1969 Convention on Law of Treaties, Article 38):
Basic human rights include meaningful access to Justice through an “independent” and “international” Court (1948 Declaration of Human Rights, Articles 10, 28), providing “customary Justice” (1985 Declaration of Justice for Abuse of Power, Article 7) by the Independent Judiciary Profession as “other bodies” without government influence, thereby having “Universal Jurisdiction” (2005 Right to Remedy for Human Rights, Articles 4, 5, 12, 14).
An “intergovernmental organization” (IGO) Court of “independent judicial authority” has the right to assert Universal Jurisdiction “at the international level” (1998 Right to Protect Human Rights, Articles 1, 5, 9.2, 9.3(c), 9.4), and such independent “professional Judges” have “exclusive authority” without government interference in “judicial decisions” (1985 Principles on Independence of the Judiciary, Preamble: ¶1, ¶10, Articles 3, 4).
The Sovereign Court of International Justice (SCIJ) was strategically established by the Independent Judiciary Profession, specifically engineered in every detail, to wholly embody and fully implement all relevant codified requirements of international law. This results in the Court possessing inherent legal authority to assert its Universal Jurisdiction worldwide.
The primary basis for the official powers and authorities of the Court is its inherent legal authority, directly from the codified modern framework of conventional international law, as the most official authorization and most public evidence conclusively proving its reality and legitimacy. This authority from specific provisions of public law cannot be denied by any country, nor by any person.
To eliminate any potential influence by any particular country, upholding independence as the basis for its legal authority, the Sovereign Court (SCIJ) is licensed by the collective of Member States of the supporting IGO through its Charter. Member States of the host IGO are not permitted direct membership in the Court, and thus have no involvement in its independent Judiciary functions, only indirectly supporting the Court (IVU, Sovereign Charter, Article 39.5).
The Court also holds diplomatic status as an autonomous official body of the IGO, thus having statehood as a “subject of international law” (1969 Convention on Law of Treaties, Article 3), invoking the principle of non-interference by any States.
As a result, the Sovereign Court (SCIJ) is the first human rights Court in history to have overcome the inherent limitations of formation by “treaty”. As the Court is not “created” by countries, it firmly stands upon its own supra-governmental authorities of the Independent Judiciary Profession, therefore carrying the full legal weight of true Universal Jurisdiction.
The Sovereign Court of International Justice (SCIJ) is an intergovernmental organization (IGO) as an instrumentality exercising the sovereign authority of its member states, thus possessing autonomous statehood (2004 Jurisdictional Immunities of States, Article 2.1(b)(iii), Article 5), conducting external affairs as an institution of its member states, thus holding full sovereign privileges and immunities (1981 Interference in Affairs of States, Preamble: Point 1, Section 2(e), Section 3(a)), as a non-territorial state (1961 Convention on Diplomatic Relations, Articles 1(i), 3.1(a)).
Diplomatic status is invoked with all privileges and immunities by presenting “Diplomatic Credentials” as issued (1961 Diplomatic Relations, Article 13), exempt from accreditation or embassy registration (1961 Diplomatic, Articles 1(i), 3.1(a)), without requirement of a consular post (1963 Consular Relations, Articles 3, 1(d), 17.1), regardless of recognition (1969 Law of Treaties, Articles 3, 38).
IGO Officers do not engage in commerce, retaining full immunities (1963 Consular, Article 57). Immunities fully apply by the fact of sovereignty alone (1961 Diplomatic, Articles 22-36; 1963 Consular, Articles 40-57).
High Officials and the Directional Secretariat hold absolute immunity regardless of scope of functions (ICJ Congo v. Belgium, §§ 51-55).
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